The first recorded incident of induced abortion happened in the year 1550 BCE in Egypt, using non-surgical techniques involving strenuous physical pursuits and activities. As you may be aware, in recent years there have been numerous political debates on Women’s Reproductive Rights and laws that are being put in place to regulate the time of the pregnancy at which it may be preemptively concluded.
Recently however, the state of Texas restricted their abortion laws further with a bill.
In the bill, it states the official title of the act should be the “Texas Heartbeat Act”, but you may know it better as its unofficial name, “The Heartbeat Bill.” The “Texas Heartbeat Act” was introduced as both a Senate and House bill on March 11th, 2021. Further, it was signed as a law on May 19th, 2021, and went into effect on September 1st of the same year.
The bill states, “AN ACT relating to abortion, including abortions after detection of an unborn child’s heartbeat; authorizing a private civil right of action.”
The fetal heartbeat can be heard as soon as 6 weeks after fertilization, which is sooner than many find out that they are pregnant. This inhibits many people’s ability to decide whether they need an abortion, let alone have a chance to make the decision in a well-informed manor and receive a safe, legal abortion. There are many reasons why someone may have an abortion, including medical conditions, rape, financial difficulties, lack of support, age and access to medical attention among other things.
For example, many people suffer from a condition known as Amenorrhea, or the lack of menstruation for three or more months, especially in one who has had periods before. This condition can affect people who have low body weights, exercise excessively, or even simply those who are stressed to an irregular amount. Conditions such as this one, and others which can overshadow pregnancy symptoms are failed to be taken into consideration by the bill, especially considering this condition, as it takes place over the course of several months, let alone 6 weeks.
This Bill also references Roe Vs. Wade (1973). Roe Vs. Wade, a case from Texas in 1973 where a woman, who was both pregnant and single, challenged the constitutionality of the abortion laws in Texas, criminalizing abortions unless it is to save the life of the mother.
As the bill was recently passed, many all over the country are appalled, feeling as if their rights are being stripped from them. On the other hand, there are just as many who find themselves comforted by the bill, feeling as though it will assist in the betterment of the state and nation.
Should those with internal reproductive organs have the right to choose what is best at the time of pregnancy? Or does Texas have the right to limit their rights.